Singapore is one of the small countries in Southeast Asia. The total large of Singapore is only around 130km square. However, although it is one of the small countries, it becomes one of the most successful countries in the world. Singapore is the business country. Many kinds of business occur there, such as the electronic business, market business and others.
In other hands, the strategic location of Singapore – it is the potential trade of Asia, make this country has the great chance to get the profit of the business. Some evidence say that the living cost in Singapore is one of the highest levels in the world.
Singapore Multicultural country
Besides one of the smallest country in the world, Singapore is one of the multicultural countries in the world. There are some kinds of the group of ethnic there. Of course, the different ethnic in Singapore influence the kinds of the language spoken in Singapore.
At least, there are four big ethnic in Singapore, such as Chinese (around 74.1% and it is the biggest ethnic), Malay (13.4%), Indian (9.2%), and other ethnic (3.3%). The different ethnic color the system of society in Singapore.
However, the parliament of Singapore is one of the best parliaments in the world, and the different ethnics there do not be a big problem. We all know that sometimes people will be more sensitive when talking about their own ethnic. We can see that some wars in the world happen because of the different ethnic, but it does not occur in Singapore.
Language of Singapore
As I have said before, the kinds of the different ethnic in Singapore influence the kinds of the language there. However, here, the government of Singapore says that the official language of Singapore is Malay. When we see the location of Singapore, it is the part of Malay – besides Malaysia and Indonesia. Well, the sociology aspect has the role in defining the official language in Singapore.
In other hands, there are also some kinds of the other language in Singapore, which is used in the society. The other kinds of the languages in Singapore are English, Mandarin, Tamil, and Singlish (Singapore English). Now, we are going to talk about some kinds of it, which can be our new knowledge.
English Language in Singapore
When we are talking about Singapore, we cannot separate English and England for it. Yes, it is because England has the important role of the freedom of Singapore. In other hands, Rafflesia, one of the England man, has the important part in the development of Singapore.
By the historical view, it will be common when English becomes one of the main languages in Singapore. English is one of the major languages in Singapore, and it becomes the common language of administration, promotion, and others.
We also cannot deny that English is one of the International languages. For Singapore – which is the country of industry, it is important to increase the ability to speak English to develop the business.
Singlish (Singapore English Language)
The second kind of the common language in Singapore is Singlish. Do you know what Singlish is? Well, Singlish is the branch of English with the original culture of Singapore. The Singlish means Singapore – English. The different of English and Singlish is in the rules and its phonology.
People speak Singlish with the combination of Malay and English, and it will provide the unique language. In common, those who speak Singlish in Singapore is the local government. In other hands, the primitive society in Singapore – it is called as Singaporean; talk using Singlish in their daily activity. However, the government does not support the television and radio ad use this language.
Chinese Language in Singapore
Although Chinese is not the national language of Singapore, some of the societies in Singapore use it in their daily conversation. Well, it is one of the common situations because we all know that the biggest ethnic in Singapore is Chinese. The largest amount of population of Chinese also influences the use of their language in Singapore.
However, the user of Chinese in Singapore has decreased in some years. Well, the census gives the data of the detail of the distribution of Chinese in society. Some factors influence the decrease of the Chinese. One of it is the modernism. Yes, it is because the innovation needs English more than Chinese. However, the government of Singapore still mentions the Chinese as the one of language in making sign in public place.
Standard Mandarin Language in Singapore
Standard Mandarin becomes one of the important languages in Singapore. It is the branch of the Chinese and used by some Chinese community in Singapore. This language is spoken as the lingua franca. The occurring of this language in Singapore is also influenced with the occurring of population of Chinese there.
Maybe, people ask, how can the standard Mandarin become one of the important languages in Singapore? Yes, the answer to this question is because some politician, minister and government in Singapore are Chinese.
In informal conversation, they use the standard Mandarin as their language. In other hands, some kinds of the showing of Chinese culture in Singapore also have an influence on the development of standard Mandarin as the language.
Malay Language in Singapore
The official language of Singapore is Malay. Here, you need to know that the ‘mother’ of Malay is Bahasa Melayu, which is used in Malaysia. In other hands, Bahasa Melayu also influences the Indonesian language.
Here, as the Singapore official language, Malay is used in all need of the government of Singapore. When the government makes some internal program, they will use the Malay as the language. Then, Malay is also dedicated as the ceremonial national language in Singapore.
It is used as the language of Singapore’s anthem. There are several kinds of the varieties of Malay, which is used in Singapore, such as Bazaar Malay, Baba Malay, and some sort of the Austronesian language.
Indian Language in Singapore
Indian language or it is famous as Tamil, is one of the important language in Singapore. The population of Indian influences the use of Tamil here. We all know that Indian is one of the significant ethnic in Singapore.
It is common when they use their language as the language of their daily activity. The Tamil language uses the Tamil script, and it is different with the standard script, such as English, Malay, and others.
In other hands, Tamil has several varieties and the minority in Singapore uses the kinds of varieties of Tamil. Some kinds of the varieties in Singapore are Malayalam, Telugu, Punjabi, Sindhi, Hindi, and Gujarati.
Eurasian Language in Singapore
Eurasian language occurs as the other minority language in Singapore. Here, the kind of Eurasian language spoken by society is Kristang. Kristang is a creole by Portuguese Eurasians. The occurring of this language is influenced by the historical matter, especially the coming of Portuguese in Singapore.
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